Icons of Heresy (Pencils & Prayer Ropes)

Hello, my siblings in Christ. I’m Bojan and today I want to show you a short overview of some of the more notable heresies that have sprung up in Christianity. This will be followed by how I envision the icons of Christ to look like within those teachings. These aren’t meant to mock Orthodox iconography. They are there to visually emphasize the errors of particular heresies. Gnosticism. Well, we are off to a great start. Essentially, Gnosticism is a faith system revolving around the notion that the highest divine principle emanates the lesser ones. One of these is a creator of the material world. Our souls, the divine sparks, are trapped within our bodies by a lesser deity, the Demiurge. Gnosticism is very, very diverse and has freely mixed with different religions, but especially into Judaism and nascent Christianity It is a really, really weird system, but it did exist before Christianity. That is why early Christians could easily identify Gnostic ideas. Docetism. Docetism is a subset of Gnostic beliefs based upon the teaching that matter in itself is evil and that Christ Himself couldn’t have had a real body. His physical body, they claimed, was a mere illusion, and He never truly died on the cross. Adoptionism. The belief that divinity was granted to Jesus later in his life, generally thought to be at His baptism. Before that, Jesus was simply a virtuous man, becoming the Christ and the Son of God when St. John baptized Him in the Jordan. Sabellianism. Belief that there is no Trinity and that God simply manifests Himself as one of the three persons, the Father, the Son, or the Holy Spirit, without them being distinct. if you have seen this, would you think of Sabellianism? Christianity has dealt with this joke centuries before it even came into existence. Another name for this heresy is Patripassianism, the teaching that the Father suffered on the cross. Since God is a unified whole, when Christ died the Father died. Novatianism and Donatism. These two heresies are very similar, and they both the basically revolved around the idea that the Christian life should be very strict. Readmission to the church after a lapse should be difficult, baptism should be repeated, lapsed clerics should be reordained or barred from the priesthood entirely, the sacraments offered by sinful priests are invalid, and so on. Their main idea was, however, that the Church had no power to absolve sins. Arianism, coming from Alexandria. This is probably the heresy that was the most serious threat to the Church, claiming that the Son was not eternal with the Father and that there was a time when the Son was not. The Son, while divine and far above from an ordinary human, was still a creation, and the same was said of the Holy Spirit. Macedonianism. Unlike Arians, Macedonists thought that the Son is coeternal with the Father, but like Arians they deny the same privilege to the Holy Spirit. For Macedonists, the Holy Spirit wasn’t a person. He was a creation and action of the Father and the Son. If you ever hear that the Holy Spirit Isn’t a person, it’s a force, or if someone ever refers to Him as an “it” – yes, that’s Macedonianism. Apollinarianism is a typical case of Orthodoxy going overboard. Apollinarianism teaches that Christ never had a rational mind or a human soul, His divinity serving as both. As an over reaction to Arianism, it essentially taught that the Jesus Christ wasn’t fully human. Nestorianism. Nestorius and his followers stated that the Virgin Mary shouldn’t be called Theotokos, she who gave birth to God, but Christotokos, she who gave birth to Christ. The issue was, according to Nestorius, that Mary, being human, couldn’t have given birth to a Divinity that existed before she did. This made sense on the surface level, but it left us with one awkward question: if the child she gave birth to isn’t God, whom did she give birth to? Realizing that this is thinly-veiled Apollinarianism, Nestorianism was quickly condemned. Monophysitism. In contrast to the Orthodox teaching that Jesus Christ is one person in two natures, divine and human, monophysitism teaches that natures in Christ create a new single nature. As in many other heresies, this turns Christ into a non-human, and thus incapable to bridge the gap between God and humanity. Iconoclasm. In the beginning, iconoclasm had more to do with Christian practice. It considered icons of Christ, the Theotokos, and the saints to be idols. Later on iconoclasm quickly slipped into Nestorianism, claiming that icons of Christ could not be painted, as we could never truly depict his divine nature. According to them,the only true icons of Christ were the Eucharist and the cross. Predestination: God loves you, God loves you not. (in deep voice)
God loves you, God loves you not.

Jerry Heath


  1. A very brilliant notion of you for using icons to depict each heresy

  2. What is truly wrong with being against icons and images,can we not worship without them ?

  3. I am Anglican but I want to understand the other denomination of Christianity. Awesome channel btw.

  4. Јако лепо, потписао сам ти се на канал. Знања никад доста…

  5. Docetist , a heresy that would be taken up by the 2nd largest religion and spreaded by ☠

  6. Church cannot save you, baptism cannot save you, works cannot save you. Salvation comes from Jesus Christ and his paying the price for our sins.

  7. Great vid! Can you explain to someone who isn’t familiar with icons the importance of them and how the Orthodox Church presents them?

  8. Interestingly the sebellianism picture is actually exactly like a lot of iron age and roman period celtic depictions of the supreme deity, Lugus or Lugh in Irish.

  9. What about Paulicianism ? Would it simply be adoptionist or do you consider it to be too underdocumented or too varied in its beliefs for an adequate generalization ?

  10. Once upon a time in the orthodox country i saw very strange icon.There was figures like stars and eyes.Red colour.I cant find this type of icon in the internet.And did someon knows what did this mean?

  11. That last illustration reminds me of the Christ Pantokrator icon from mt. Sinai.

  12. Excellent and beautifully done video! Gnosticism is a very dangerous heresy straight from the mouth of Satan. I shudder to think that once I flirted with it. Glory to the Father, Son and Holy Spirit for rescuing me from that blasphemy and showing me the truth of the holy Orthodox Church.

  13. iconoclasm is the only respectable worship… but you pagans are so into your superstitions that you couldnt know right from wrong, even if it came on earth and went outside a temple and beat the shit out of the people that were selling statues and shit… but yeah, iconoclasts are the heretics… because they lost the war…

  14. I don't think it's a heresy to say they are not distinct. I've come to believe all 3 are one, and that 3 persons implies polytheism. This is not heretical, because we are still maintaining each "person" in the Trinity is God, but they are all the same person: God. Prove me wrong. Jesus said "it is not you who speak, but the Spirit of the Father", "God is Spirit and they that worship him must worship him in Spirit and Truth", "There is but one God the Father", " I and the Father are one", in Revelation when Jesus talks to the churches he says "hear what the Spirit says to the churches". Think about it. What's the nature of the Father? God is still Spirit and Holy. The Father is the Holy Spirit. What is the Son? The Holy Spirit manifest in the flesh. Jesus and the Holy Spirit are the same person. Why then does Jesus pray to the Father and refer to the Father in 3rd person? Why is He "talking to himself" if you will? Well, I believe the Hypostatic Union allows Jesus to act as though 2 separate beings: one is his fleshly self, and the other is his Spiritual self. When Jesus refers to the Father in the 3rd person he is talking as a man of flesh and blood: hence "Son of man", hence "Son of God", other times he speaks as the Spirit, hence: "hear what the Spirit has to say to the churches".

  15. Its beautiful how the word of God pre-condems every heresy or false philosophy or false religon. Our God is very wise

  16. @4:00, Mar Nestorius was trying to point out that the eternal divine Word/Logos did not originate in the womb of St Mary. Til this day, the Church of the East refers to St Mary as the "Mother of Christ who is God" but does not use the term "Theotokos"/"Mother of God" because Jesus Christ is the Son of God. For if all agree that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, then referring to St Mary as the Mother of God implies that Christ is the grandson of St Mary. Mar Nestorius rejected the term because of the confusion it could so easily create. But by refering to St Mary as the "Christotokos"/"Mother of Christ" (which even St Cyril accepted) while admitting that Christ is fully divine and fully human from the moment of the incarnation avoids this problem. The Syro-Malabar Catholic Church also honours Mar Nestorius and Pope Paul VI instructed that his liturgy be revived in their rite which has recently happened.

  17. Man I'd burn the drawings if I did them. Just too creepy haha.

    I may not be orthodox (at least not yet) but I love all my brothers in christ. May God bless all of you.

  18. The Oriental Orthodox are far away from the monophysitism.
    It is even hard point out what is the exact difference between their and the Christology of the Eastern Orthodox Church. The fact these 2 communities are in schism for 1.5 thousand years is a real tragedy

  19. Are you there God? It's you Jesus! Ah!!! that's what many Jw's and Unitarians think the Trinity is. If Jesus is God then did he pray to himself? they ask. As though that refutes the Trinity! Evangelicals have a tendency towards docetism. I've had several tell me that Mary is not the mother of God because he wasn't genetically related to her he had "God DNA" Yea they "follow the bible" but deny that Christ's flesh is from the spermatikos David!

  20. Glad to see I'm not the only one that sees the similarities between the Cthulu myth and gnosticism!

  21. How can anyone make doctrine and right teaching about God… that is no sense…devil is accusing everybody and we play his game when we say that some of our brothers and sister are heretics
    Find The newness of Life within you and your inner light will shine over All creation and you gonna reconcile world to Father
    Love you all children

  22. Lol predestination is a heresy if you see it from one side. I love the the harmony in the Bible that is consistent with Christ's nature. Christ who is fully man and fully God is to many a living contradiction, but actually it is a harmony of realities. Consider the Book of Life of the Lamb that was slain from the foundation of the world. How could Christ die already, then die again? This is not a contradiction but a wonderful harmony of God's eternal realm and our aging realm. The same with many awesome truths in the Bible!

  23. Hvala Bogu što sam naišao na ovaj kanal. Thanks God Lord Jesus Christ i was found this chanel.

  24. You did a good job making these lies feel as creepy and twisted as they are.

  25. The holy trinity wasn't originally in the original bible it was made during the 14 or 16 century

  26. i love your videos but as an orthodox christian these drawings made me feel very sick and scared

  27. Thank you. I'm Orthodox and often I have trouble understanding some of these different heresies. This is very helpful and interestingly done. Svaka cast!

  28. Heresy is a sin. Sin is lawlessness. If you are endorsing or promoting heresy, then you are practicing lawlessness. Please be wise and be careful of what you preach.

  29. а ништа као богумили, патарени и катари?

  30. It would be nifty if your updated version included Judiazers, the Super Apostles of Corinth, and the pseudo -pagan Angel worshippers of Galatia.

  31. I really really love your channel!!! I am a big fan!! Is it possible for you to make a video on the way the orthodox church has been established in different countries (I.e the Orthodox Church in different countries) please eee!!!

  32. Is there a Word for someone who believes Jesus was a Prophet?

    I'm not a Theologian (I'm 18) but the way I see it, It would make more sense if God was one identity, the Father or Creator. And that Jesus was a Prophet, if not just a Philosopher.

    Also I'm sceptical of the Accuracy of the Bible's Translations, Especially the King James.

  33. As a monophysite, I have to say that the nature's are merged. However they are merged without any "mingling or confusion." Jesus is still fully human and Divine, just in one nature.

  34. 4:51 I love that bit at the end.It would have been funnier if Jesus was picking a tulip.

  35. I'd love it if you explained more in detail why these are heresies, and not just what it is. I just discovered your videos and Im really intrigued!😊

  36. Good god i remember learning these in religion class in sixth grade i did not really understand them back then but ohh boi learning then again scary stuff

  37. Satan is like the step dad we all hate while god is like our dad we only get to see on holidays,

  38. No, the biggest heresy of modern Christianity is Chiliasm: the idea that Jesus is going to come and reign on Earth for 1000 years and bring peace. The only one that will claim to bring "peace" to the world is the Anti-Christ. Jesus said "My Kingdom is not of this world".

  39. As a person from another religion, watching these videos is very fascinating and educative. Christ has a beautiful theology.

  40. This is some serious heresy, by the emperor! I request immediate extermanotus

  41. Many "evangelical" churches I've seen are dangerously close to Gnosticism.

  42. You are always entertaining, Bible Illustrated, thank you. #InChrist

  43. I know I maybe sound like The Grand Inquisitor from Dostoyevski, but what do you think of John Zizioulas? 😀 Many comments against him have recently showed up accusing him for Heresy.

  44. Coptic Orthodox Christian here. Don't call us heretics for believing that oil and and water are joined in one container without mingling, confusion, or alteration.

  45. man is of sin…. so who would have believed there would be people or groups of people that would set out to deflect destroy or change the true Christianity of the apostles of Jesus Christ?…lol….I think they began the moment the stone was rolled away from Christ's tomb……

  46. The highest and the mode offensive to the divine is iconoclasm, because it’s a christological heresy of denial that God did not enter human history.

  47. I find it so funny and scary that most quotes in the book of the icon are from the devil or demons.
    All quotes in the book of the icons:
    Genesis 3:4-5: "But the serpent said to the woman, “You will not die. For God knows that when you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”"
    Luke 24:39: "See my hands and my feet, that it is I myself; handle me, and see; for a spirit has not flesh and bones as you see that I have.”"
    Isaiah 14:12-15: "“How you are fallen from heaven, O Day Star, son of Dawn! How you are cut down to the ground, you who laid the nations low! You said in your heart, ‘I will ascend to heaven; above the stars of God I will set my throne on high; I will sit on the mount of assembly in the far north; I will ascend above the heights of the clouds, I will make myself like the Most High.’ But you are brought down to Sheol, to the depths of the Pit."
    Mark 5:8-9: "For he had said to him, “Come out of the man, you unclean spirit!” And Jesus asked him, “What is your name?” He replied, “My name is Legion; for we are many.”"
    Petropatianism (I'm 100% sure I misspelled it):
    "God is dead" -Nietzsche (pretty sure he makes it into the category :p)
    Novetianism and docetism (again mispelled):
    Job 2:4-5: "Then Satan answered the Lord, “Skin for skin! All that a man has he will give for his life. But put forth thy hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse thee to thy face.”"
    Arianism (the strongest):
    Mark 1:24: "and he cried out, “What have you to do with us, Jesus of Nazareth? Have you come to destroy us? I know who you are, the Holy One of God.”"
    Acts 19:13-16: "Then some of the itinerant Jewish exorcists undertook to pronounce the name of the Lord Jesus over those who had evil spirits, saying, “I adjure you by the Jesus whom Paul preaches.” Seven sons of a Jewish high priest named Sceva were doing this. But the evil spirit answered them, “Jesus I know, and Paul I know; but who are you?” And the man in whom the evil spirit was leaped on them, mastered all of them, and overpowered them, so that they fled out of that house naked and wounded."
    Matthew 12:48: "But he replied to the man who told him, “Who is my mother, and who are my brethren?”"

  48. The last part killed me! =)) I've been studiying calvinism for some time and I almost always ended up with that trying to understand it.

  49. So, Assyrian Church of the East and Ancient Church of the East as the remaining Nestorian churches and the remaining of Monophysite such as Oriental Orthodox churches (Coptic, Armenian, Ethiopian, Eritrean) are heresy?

  50. "Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who has blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ, just as He chose us in Him before the foundation of the world, that we would be holy and blameless before Him. In love He predestined us to adoption as sons through Jesus Christ to Himself, according to the kind intention of His will, to the praise of the glory of His Grace, which He freely bestowed on us in the Beloved." – Ephesians 1:3‭-‬6 NASB

    It breaks my heart you know, to see the rejection of God's word, in favour of the supposed "Free" will of man, calling the Predestination of God "Heresy".

  51. Orthodox belief is a wonderful thing. It cannot be totally understood and is a total mystery.On the downside it can become a substitute for the ineffable essence of GODaka LOVE . ……AND then….

  52. Do orthodoxy christians believe (as a whole) that one can be saved while still not being part of the orthodox church?

  53. It's a bit humorous with the auto-generated English subtitles. I saw "Christo tacos" and "del tacos" at one point, which I guess would be Texmexicanism.

  54. The moment the Stone was rolled away on Easter Sunday…the start of the divide and conquer of Christianity began.

  55. Његош је западао у гностичарске идеје, можеш ли направит видео о томе? Вјеровао је у Адамов пад у гријех, очовјечење ,,Божијег Слова", његово васкрсење, други долазак и Свету Тројицу. Па самим тим не можемо рећ да је био апсолутни гностучар. Али јесте имао елементе гностичких увјерења.

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